Natural product total synthesis and development of natural-product based medicines
For millennia, humans have been learning about and taking advantage of the earth’s bountiful flora and fauna. Parts and extracts of plants, animals, and minerals have been used to treat pain and cure diseases, but only within the last two centuries have scientists been able to identify the specific chemical(s) responsible for the observed effect of a natural medicine. Our research is centered in the preparation and study of these naturally occurring chemical compounds, which are called natural products. Specifically, we focus on developing convergent, efficient, robust, and, most importantly, repeatable syntheses of biologically active and architecturally intriguing natural products and natural-product based derivatives.
Deployment of a direct, early stage guanidinylation approach for organic synthesis
Thus far, we have capitalized on an early stage, direct guanidinylation reaction to prepare aminoguanidine-containing natural products, such as clavatadine A and phidianidines A and B. Though a direct approach is atypical, our success illuminates that early introduction of a protected guanidine functional group can lead to rapid assembly of aminoguanidine-containing natural products. Further, direct guanidinylation streamlines the preparation of these compounds by obviating the unnecessary amine protecting group steps that are typically employed. We hope to capitalize on insights gleaned from these successful forays and extend the utility of our approach by preparing newly discovered aminoguanidine-containing natural products.
Toward the development of natural-product based medicines
Even if the biological target(s) of a natural product is/are known, our ability to prepare quantities of the chemical may foster further work to elucidate the specific mechanism of action that occurs when the compound associates with the target. As a result, our research in this area is critical to enhance understanding of the key protein-substrate interactions that lead to catalysis. This knowledge may lead to the potential development a novel, natural-product based synthetic pharmaceutical compound to treat or prevent disease.
Student Development Plan
Research in the Chamberland group will give students a firm foundation in experimental organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry. For example, through their research, students will gain hands-on experience collecting and interpreting spectroscopic data for product determination, troubleshooting chemical reactions, and will gain proficiency searching databases and the primary literature. Projects will be chosen based on established expertise and interests, such as the application of our direct guanidinylation reaction, but should also intrigue students and attract external funding. A primary goal of research published by the Chamberland group is to provide substantial pedagogical opportunities for undergraduate students and for the scientific community. Furthermore, to allow students the opportunity to obtain results quickly, projects will be chosen such that the synthesis targets are relatively simple and easy to construct using a convergent synthetic approach. Once medicinally interesting compounds are synthesized, we will work with collaborators or within our lab to determine the activity of these compounds against their biological target(s).